Friday Feb 23, 2024

2016考研英语二答案(完整版)(2016考研英语一阅读答案)

2016考研英语二答案(完整版)(2016考研英语一阅读答案)缩略图

原标题:2016考研英语二答案(完整版)

完型填空参考答案:

c 1. [a] why [b] where [c] how [d] when

b 2. [a] in return [b] in particular [c] in contrast [d] in conclusion

d 3. [a] sufficient [b] famous [c] perfect [d] necessary

c 4. [a] individualism [b] modernism [c] optimism [d] realism

d 5. [a] echo [b] miss [c] spoil [d] change

b 6. [a] imagined [b] measured [c] invented [d] assumed

a 7. [a] sure [b] odd [c] unfortunate [d] often

d 8. [a] advertised [b] divided [c] overtaxed [d] headquartered

a 9. [a] explain [b] overstate [c] summarize [d] emphasize

b 10. [a] stages [b] factors [c] levels [d] methods

a 11. [a] desirable [b] sociable [c] reputable [d] reliable

c 12. [a] resumed [b] held [c]emerged [d] broke

a 13. [a] attribute [b] assign [c] transfer [d]compare

d 14. [a] serious [b] civilized [c] ambitious [d]experienced

a 15. [a] thus [b] instead [c] also [d] never

d 16. [a] rapidly [b] regularly [c] directly [d] equally

c 17. [a] after [b] until [c] while [d] since

c 18. [a] arrives [b] jumps [c] hints [d] strikes

a 19. [a] shape [b] rediscover [c] simplify [d] share

b 20. [a] pray for [b] lean towards [c] give away [d] send out

阅读:

新题型:

directions:

read the following text and answer the questions by
2016考研英语二答案(完整版)(2016考研英语一阅读答案)插图
choosing the most suitable subheading from the list a-g for each of the numbered paragraphs(41-45).there are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use.mark your answers on the answer sheet.

[a]be silly

[b]have fun

[c]express your emotions

[d]don’t overthink it

[e]be easily pleased

[f]notice things

[g]ask for help

as adults,it seems that we are constantly pursuing happiness,often with mixed results.yet children appear to have it down to an art-and for the most part they don’t need self-help books or therapy.instead,they look after their wellbeing instinctively,and usually more effectively than we do as grownups.perhaps it’s time to learn a few lessons from them.

41._______c_______

what does a child do when he’s sad?he cries.when he’s angry?he shouts.scared?probably a bit of both.as we grow up,we learn to control our emotions so they are manageable and don’t dictate our behaviours,which is in many ways a good thing.but too often we take this process too far and end up suppressing emotions,especially negative ones.that’s about as effective as brushing dirt under a carpet and can even make us ill.what we need to do is find a way to acknowledge and express what we feel appropriately,and then-again.like children-move.

42.______e_______

a couple of christmases ago,my youngest stepdaughter,who was nine years old at the time ,got a superman t-shirt for christmas.it cost less than a fiver but she was overjoyed,and couldn’t stop talking about it.too often we believe that a new job,bigger house or better car will be the magic silver bullet that will allow us to finally be content,but the reality is these things have very little lasting impact on our happiness levels.instead,being grateful for small things every day is a much better way to improve wellbeing.

43._________a_____________

have you ever noticed how much children laugh?if we adults could indulge in a bit of silliness and giggling,we would reduce the stress hormones in our bodies increase good hormones like endorphins,improve blood flow to our hearts and even have a greater chance of fighting off enfection.all of which,of course,have a positive effect on happiness levels.

44.________b___________

the problem with being a grown up is that there’s an awful lot of serious stuff to deal with-work,mortgage payments,figuring out what to cook for dinner.but as adults we also have the luxury of being able to control our own diaries and it’s important that we schedule in time to enjoy the things we love.those things might be social,sporting,creative or completely random(dancing aroud the living room,anyone?)——it doesn’t matter,so long as they’re enjoyable, and not likely to have negative side effects,such as drinking too much alcohol or going on a wild spending spree if you’re on a tight budget.

45.________d___________

having said all of the above,it’s important to add that we shouldn’t try too hard to be happy.scientists tell us this can backfire and actually have a negative impact on our wellbeing. as the chinese philosopher chuang tzu is reported to have said:“happiness is the absence of striving for happiness.”and in that,once more,we need to look to the example of our children,to whom happiness is not a goal but a natural by product of the way they live.

翻译:

46. directions:

translate the following text into chinese. your translation should be written on the answer sheet. (15 points)

the supermarket is designed to lure customers into spending as much time as possible within its doors. the reason for this is simple:the longer you stay in the store, the more stuff you’ll see, and the more stuff you see, the more you’ll buy. and supermarkets contain a lot of stuff. the average supermarket, according to the food marketing institute, carries some 44,00 different items, and many carry tens of thousands more. the sheer volume of available choice is enough to send shoppers into a state of information overload. according to brain-scan experiments, the demands of so much decision-making quickly become too much for us. after about 40 minutes of shopping, most people stop struggling to be rationally selective, and instead begin shopping emotionally – which is the point at which we accumulate the 50 percent of stuff in our cart that we never intended buying.

超市设计的目的就是为了使消费者花尽可能多的时间在店内逛。理由很简单:你在店里待的时间越长,你看到的东西就越多;你看到的东西越多,你买的东西就越多。超市中有各种各样的商品。根据食品营销研究所的调查,平均每个超市约有4400种不同种类的商品,有的超市甚至有成千上万种商品。琳琅满目的商品足以让顾客眼花缭乱。根据脑部扫描实验,迅速做出决定对我们来说实在太难。40分钟的购物经历后,大多数人已不再是理性选择,而开始感性消费。这就是为什么购物车里的商品会有50%是我们本不打算买的。

【考点解析】

be designed to do sth 旨在做某事

the longer…the more… 越……越…..

according to……根据….

some 大约

the volume of 大量的……

information overload 过于繁杂的信息

struggle to do sth 努力做某事

rationally selective 理性地进行选择

instead began shopping emotionally 而不是冲动的去购物

小作文参考范文(1):

directions:

suppose you won a translation contest and your friend, jack, wrote an email to congratulate you and ask for advice on translation. write him a reply to

1) thank him, and

2) give advice.

you should write neatly on the answer sheet.

do not sign your own name at the end of the text. use “li ming” instead.

do not write the address.(10 points)

参考范文:

dear jack,

thank you for your warm congratulation on my winning the translation contest. now i will give you some advice on translation.

to begin with, you should have an earnest interest in translation, for, just as einstein says, interest is the best teacher. besides, you should have an extensive reading on the two languages, because accurate translation demands that you should have a good grasp of the two languages and the culture related to the two languages. moreover, you should grasp essential translation techniques, which will facilitate the translating process.

i hope that you can acquire some more understanding of translation via my advice.

yours sincerely,

li ming

小作文参考范文(2):

directions:

suppose you won a translation contest and your friend, jack, wrote an email to congratulate you and ask for advice on translation. write him a reply to

1) thank him, and

2) give advice.

you should write neatly on the answer sheet.

do not sign your own name at the end of the text. use “li ming” instead.

do not write the address.(10 points)

参考范文:

dear my friend,

i am here writing to your to express my gratitude to you for congratulation.

you mentioned how to improve the translation ability. now i would like to offer you some suggestions.

the most important factor to be considered is that you must grasp a large

bank of vocabulary, which is the foundation for translation. secondly, you can try to practice translation everyday. after your translation, you can compare your translation with the given answer. last but not the least, you must pay very close attention to the difference between the two languages. differences between laguges must be considered when you are translating.

i am looking forward to meeting you in the near future. then, we can have a talk face to face. i sincerely hope that my suggestions can be constructive to you.

truly yours

写作真题:某高校学生旅行目的调查:

directions:

write an essay based on the following chart. in your writing, you should

1)interpret the chart, and

2)give your comments.

you should write about 150 words on the answer sheet.(15 points)

【范文】

an study of college students’ traveling purposes

as can be apparently illustrated /depicted in the pie graph, the purposes of the students of a college can be divided into five parts, with admiring the scenery and relieving the pressure, making friends, developing their independent capabilities and the rest accounting for 37 %, 33%, 6%, 9% and 15 % respectively. isolated as the figures seem to be in the pie graph, as a matter of fact, they are connected with one another closely.

obviously, a variety of complicated factors contribute to the phenomenon illustrated in the chart above, with the following two ones being the foremost. to begin with, among the most convincing reasons offered by people for this phenomenon, one should be emphasized that the improvement of our society and the progress of science and technology put the most pressure on the college students, which make them tired and bored toward their work and study. in addition to this, another equally vital point to be considered is that college students’ attitudes towards travel constitute a major reason for the phenomenon.

just as an old proverb says, “every coin has its two sides.” the situation of college students’ traveling is no exception. from what has been discussed above, what we should pay attention is to encourage the positive effects and eliminate its negative influence as far as possible.

原文from:

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