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2022.8.1考研英语外刊-美国第二季度GDP萎缩,经济衰退即将初步(2022812是什么日子)

2022.8.1考研英语外刊-美国第二季度GDP萎缩,经济衰退即将初步(2022812是什么日子)缩略图

布景常识
皮尤研讨中心本月发布的一项查询闪现,只需13%的美国成年人认为美国的经济情况超卓或尚可。美国民众正越来越多地留心到通胀的影响、自上世纪80年代以来最急剧的利率上升以及正在奔向2008年以来最糟糕的股市商场。另据德国《明镜》周刊网站7月28日报导,即便许多经济学家避而不谈美国的?ネ恕保侨匀衔ネ酥皇潜煌瞥倭耍潜幌恕1ǖ汲疲硪桓鲆晌驶蛐砀妹拦芡嘲莸峭诽郏捍蟠蠖佳∶癫⒉还鼗尘檬莸南附凇6运抢此担匾氖嵌允导榭龅那猩砀写ァ6?2%的美国人甚至在最新经济数据发布之前就已认为情况很糟糕。三分之二的人此前就已信赖美国正处于衰退之中。此外据美国《新闻周刊》网站7月28日报导,一位资深经济学家警告说,美国多半正面临一场“白领衰退”,其间年青专业人员的作业情况将特别脆弱。
正文阅览
us economyshrinksin second quarter,signalingunofficial start of recession
美国第二季度经济萎缩,预示着衰退的非正式初步
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the commerce departmentannouncedthursday thatgrossdomesticproduct (gdp) – abroadmeasure of the price ofgoodsand services –decreasedat anannualrate of 0.9% in the second quarter after falling at an annual rate of 1.6% in the first three months. the bad news will bea major blowfor the biden administration as it prepares for a tough midterm election season. white house officials have tried totamp downtalk of a recession, arguing that many parts of the economy remain strong.
美国商务部周四宣告,第二季度国内出产总值(gdp)——衡量产品和效能价格的广义方针——按年率核算降低0.9%,而前三个月按年率核算降低1.6%。在拜登政府预备迎候困难的中期推举季之际,这一坏消息将对其构成严峻冲击。白宫官员企图暂停经济衰退的言辞,称经济的许多有些仍然微弱。
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the growth rate stands inmarked contrastto therobust6.9% annual increase in gdp recorded in the final quarter of 2021 when the economy roared back from covid shutdowns. the fast pace of growth contributed tosoaringinflation – now running at 40-year highs – and the federal reserve’s decision to sharply increaseinterest ratesin order to bring down prices. the changing economic environment was reflected in the gdp report. consumer spending – the largest driver of the economy – slowed o
2022.8.1考研英语外刊-美国第二季度GDP萎缩,经济衰退即将初步(2022812是什么日子)插图
ver the quarter but remained positive, rising 1% on an annual basis. residential fixed investment, or home construction, dropped 14% on an annual basis and slowing business inventories, goods produced but not yet sold by businesses, dragged down the gdp number.
增加率与2021年最终一个季度微弱的6.9%增加构成了显着的比照,其时经济从疫情封控中恢复过来。快速增加致使通胀飙升——当前处于40年来的高位——以及美联储大幅前进利率以便降低物价的抉择。经济环境的改变反映在gdp陈述中。花费开支——经济的最大驱动力——在本季度有所放缓,但仍坚持正增加,同比增加1%。住所固定出资(即住所缔造)同比降低14%,怠慢的公司库存,也就是公司出产但没有售出的产品拉低了gdp数据。
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two quarters of negative gdp growth are widely regarded as a signal that the economy has gone into recession. but the national bureau of economic research (nber) is the officialarbiterof when recessions begin and end. while the gdp figures will play into the nber’sfinal verdict, it also looks at a wider range of economic factors, including the jobs market, and is unlikely to give its decision soon.
两个季度的gdp负增加被广泛认为是经济进入衰退的信号。但美国国家经济研讨局(nber)是衰退何时初步和结束的官方裁定者。尽管gdp数据将影响美国国家经济研讨局(nber)的究竟判决,但它也思考了包括作业商场在内的更广泛的经济要素,因而不太可以很快做出抉择。
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今日单词
shrink /?r??k/ vi.萎缩;
signal /?s?ɡn?l/ vt.预示;奉告,标明;
announce /??na?ns/ vt.宣告;
gross /ɡro?s/ adj.一共的;
domestic /d??mest?k/ adj.国内的;
broad /br??d/ adj.广义的;
goods /ɡ?dz/ n.产品;
decrease /?di?kri?s/ vi.削减;
annual /??nju?l/ adj.年度的;
a major blow 一个严峻冲击;
tamp down 暂停;
marked /mɑ?rkt/ adj.显着的;显着的;
contrast /?kɑ?ntr?st/ n.比照;
robust /ro??b?st/ adj.微弱的;
soaring /s??r??/ adj.遨游的;挺拔的;猛增的;
interest rate 利率;
arbiter /?ɑ?rb?t?r/ n.抉择者;
final verdict 究竟判决;
材料来历
文本选自:the guardian(卫报)
作者:dominic rushe
原文发布时刻:28 jul. 2022
每日美句
do one thing at a time, and do well.
一次只做一件事,做到最佳!

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